Fact Check: Photos Of Earth From Space Are NOT All Computer Generated

Fact Check

  • by: Sarah Thompson
Fact Check: Photos Of Earth From Space Are NOT All Computer Generated Real Photos

Is it impossible to find a "real photo" of Earth taken from space that is not computer generated? No, that's not true: Seventy-six years ago, on October 24, 1946, the first photo of Earth was taken from a V-2 rocket 65 miles above the New Mexico desert. The rocket fell back to Earth as planned, crashing in the desert, and the film, in a steel cassette, was retrieved. Since then, countless photos of Earth have been taken from space using advancing space and photographic technologies.

The claim appeared in an Instagram post on November 2, 2022, by @truth_is_my_religion. It opened with this caption:

truth_is_my_religion
I remember trying to debunk Flat Earth. It inevitably led me to the truth after I was forced to bypass my cognitive dissonance. Not an easy task.
Weird how every 'real image' NASA, JAXA, RASA, Roscosmos, etc. is a computer generated image.
I challenge anyone out there still on the fence about NASA corruption to find a real photo of Earth from space.
There are none.
Then go one step further and try to find a real photo of a satellite in orbit 🛰

The text included on the image reads:

When you spend all day trying to find a real picture of Earth from space
Fuck these Flat Earthers
@TRUTH_IS_MY_RELIGION

This is how the post appeared at the time of writing:
realpicturepost.jpg
(Image source: Instagram screenshot taken on Thu Nov 03 20:06:05 2022 UTC)

The caption of this post mentions several space agency acronyms; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the Russian Aviation and Space Agency Rosaviakosmos (RASA) renamed and restructured in 2004, and the Russian State Corporation for Space Activities, Roskosmos.

Earth photos abounding

earthfirsts.jpg

(Image source: Wikimedia Commons, Earth Images from V-2 #13, launched on October 24, 1946, and V-2 #21, launched on March 7, 1947, White Sands Missile Range/Naval Research Laboratory)

There is no shortage of images of Earth taken from outer space. An October 23, 2022, article in earthsky.org titled, "1st photo of Earth from space, 76 years ago" shows the grainy black and white image (above left) taken from the V-2 rocket that launched from White Sands, New Mexico (1946 newsreel here). Another image featured in the article, taken six months later (above right) appeared in the March 21, 1947, New York Times with the caption, "The Earth as photographed from an altitude of 100 miles." The description in the article explains:

The highest aerial photograph ever made, taken from a V-2 rocket at an altitude of 100 miles, was made public yesterday by the United States Navy.
The picture shows the curvature of the earth and more than 200,000 square miles of the United States and Mexico.

apollo08_earthrise.jpg

(Image source: Image of the Earth rising over the moon from Apollo 8 Credit: NASA)

On Christmas Eve 1968, Astronaut Bill Anders, on board Apollo 8 orbiting the moon with Frank Boorman and Jim Lovell, took a photo of Earth 240,000 miles away, rising from behind the moon's horizon. This image became known as "Earthrise" and was chosen by Time magazine as one of the most influential photographs in history. An animated reconstruction (clearly marked as a simulation) from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio is titled, "The Story Behind Apollo 8's Famous Earthrise Photo." It shows the moments leading up to the famous photo. The video includes insets of actual photos taken of the moon's surface, the Earthrise and the 1968 audio recording of the astronauts' excitement and their scramble to change the film in the camera from black and white to color.

jaxa.jpg

(Image source: JAXA 2012/05/21 Shadow of the month caused by the solar eclipse)

Images of the Earth, moon and planets can be found in the "Observation Images" of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency website global.jaxa.jp including the photo (above), which shows the shadow of the moon covering Japan during a solar eclipse on May 21, 2012.

An article for children on the European Space Agency website, esa.int, discusses photography in space and the Cupola of the International Space Station where astronauts can take photos of Earth. A French astronaut, Thomas Pesquet, has been a commander of the International Space Station and has shared thousands of his photos on Flickr.

NASA image galleries (here) are searchable. Photography methods and technology used are noted in NASA photo archive captioning. Advancing technology allows for imaging that is aided with computers, for example stitching many small high-resolution photos together, or producing an image that makes visible information that exists in wavelengths, such as ultraviolet, beyond the light visible to the human eye. Making use of available technologies to record and explore Earth and space does not mean that the image produced is not "real."

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  Sarah Thompson

Sarah Thompson lives with her family and pets on a small farm in Indiana. She founded a Facebook page and a blog called “Exploiting the Niche” in 2017 to help others learn about manipulative tactics and avoid scams on social media. Since then she has collaborated with journalists in the USA, Canada and Australia and since December 2019 she works as a Social Media Authenticity Analyst at Lead Stories.


 

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