Fact Check: 'Ghost Of Kyiv' Was NOT Killed In Battle Or Identified -- Mythical Aviator 'Embodies The Collective Spirit' Of Ukrainian Pilots

Fact Check

  • by: Ed Payne
Fact Check: 'Ghost Of Kyiv' Was NOT Killed In Battle Or Identified -- Mythical Aviator 'Embodies The Collective Spirit' Of Ukrainian Pilots No Ghost

Was the "Ghost of Kyiv" identified after dying in battle? No, that's not true: The Ghost of Kyiv is not a real person. The mythical aviator "embodies the collective spirit of" Ukrainian pilots, according to the Twitter account of the Ukrainian air force. The Ghost of Kyiv has been both a rallying point and a source of pride for the nation following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. It's also been part of a running gag.

The claim appeared in a Facebook post on May 1, 2022, under the title "His death led to his identity being revealed.😯." It opens:

Famous Ukrainian fighter pilot 'Ghost of Kyiv' has been killed in battle

This is what the post looked like on Facebook at the time of writing:

Ghost of.png

(Source: Facebook screenshot taken on Mon May 2 14:44:58 2022 UTC)

The legend of the 'Ghost'

Stories about the great aerial feats of the Ghost of Kyiv first surfaced in late February 2022, as Russia began its invasion of Ukraine. Some stories had him shooting down 40 Russian planes. Lead Stories has debunked multiple claims about the mythical pilot. Early reports identified him as Samuyil Hyde, a play on the long-running gag of putting comedian Sam Hyde at the center of various violent events.

Then on April 30, 2022, The Times of London identified the Ghost of Kyiv as Maj. Stepan Tarabalka, who it reported was shot down in March 2022. Tarabalka was a Ukrainian fighter pilot who died in battle, but the Ukrainian air force tweeted he was not the "Ghost." It added the mythical aviator "embodies the collective spirit of" Ukrainian pilots. This is the post by the Ukrainian Air Force:

Tweet Ukraine Air Force.png

(Source: Twitter screenshot taken on Mon May 2 16:52:18 2022 UTC)

On Facebook, the Ukrainian air force called the Ghost of Kyiv a "superhero-legend":

❗️ Hero of Ukraine Stepan Tarabalka is NOT "Ghost of Kiev" and he did NOT hit 40 planes.
On March 13, 2022, Major Stepan Tarabalka was heroically killed in an air battle with the dominant forces of the Russian occupiers. Here is the information about him on our official website: https://www.facebook.com/kpszsu/posts/339462291555059
Ghost of Kiev is a superhero-legend whose character was created by Ukrainians! This is a faster collected image of pilots of the 40th Air Force tactical aviation brigade, who protect the sky of the capital. What suddenly appear where they are not expected!

This is what the Ukrainian military's profile from March 23, 2022, said about Tarabalka:

This is what the translated Facebook post says:

🕯️ HEROES DON'T DIE - HEROES AMONG US!..
Stepan Tarabalka is one of those romantikív who from childhood dream of becoming a military lʹotčikom. And he was confidently walking towards his dream. At the age of 13, Stepan entered the Carpathian Military Sports Lyceum, and later joined the flying military college - Kharkiv National University of the Air Force. And. Every oak that successfully completed in 2014.
This is an officer of the new generation of the Ukrainian army who began his officer career at the same time when the war came to Ukraine. Protecting his country was a conscious choice for him.
Everyone who knew Stepan Tarabalka personally says that he is a real officer and professional in his field. On people like him level subordinates, and senior commanders are sure that everything in the units will be under control.
On March 13, 2022, Major Stepan Tarabalka was killed in an air combat with the dominant forces of Russian occupiers.
The President of Ukraine prisvo Преv lʹotčiku title " Hero of Ukraine " with the udostoênnâm of the Order " Gold Star " posthumously.
Hero of Ukraine Stepan Tarabalka will always live in our hearts!
Glory to the Hero!
#stoprussia
We continue the fight against the occupier!
Повітряне командування "Захід" Повітряних Сил ЗС України

Other Lead Stories fact checks related to the 2022 Russia-Ukraine conflict can be found here.

Want to inform others about the accuracy of this story?

See who is sharing it (it might even be your friends...) and leave the link in the comments.:


  Ed Payne

Ed Payne is a staff writer at Lead Stories. He is an Emmy Award-winning journalist as part of CNN’s coverage of 9/11. Ed worked at CNN for nearly 24 years with the CNN Radio Network and CNN Digital. Most recently, he was a Digital Senior Producer for Gray Television’s Digital Content Center, the company’s digital news hub for 100+ TV stations. Ed also worked as a writer and editor for WebMD. In addition to his journalistic endeavors, Ed is the author of two children’s book series: “The Daily Rounds of a Hound” and “Vail’s Tales.” 

Read more about or contact Ed Payne

About us

International Fact-Checking Organization

Lead Stories is a fact checking website that is always looking for the latest false, deceptive or inaccurate stories (or media) making the rounds on the internet.
Spotted something? Let us know!.

Lead Stories is a:


Follow us on social media

Most Read

Most Recent

Share your opinion