Fact Check: Seedless Limes Are NOT GMO

Fact Check

  • by: Uliana Malashenko
Fact Check: Seedless Limes Are NOT GMO Made By Nature

Are seedless limes a product of bioengineering that involves technology to alter plants' DNA? No, that's not true: Seedlessness occurs in nature, and farmers may use traditional breeding techniques to maintain this quality. That does not turn seedless limes into bioengineered food, also commonly known as GMOs (genetically modified organisms).

The claim appeared in a post on Instagram on November 1, 2022. Superimposed text on the image reads:


They genetically removed the seed of the lime...

Here is what the post looked like at the time of this fact check's writing:

Screen Shot 2022-11-03 at 11.41.46 AM.png

(Source: Instagram screenshot taken on Thu Nov 3 15:41:46 2022 UTC)

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a GMO is "a plant, animal, or microorganism that has had its genetic material (DNA) changed using technology." The agency also describes such products as "bioengineered foods." However, limes are currently not included in the FDA list of such crops.

Seedlessness is a naturally occurring phenomenon, says a Michigan State University article:

No current seedless plants are genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

Scientific American magazine explains:

The most frequent reasons for lack of seed development are pollination failure, or nonfunctional eggs or sperm. In many plants, self-incompatibility genes limit successful fertilization to cross-pollination between genetically different male and female parents. ... Another frequent reason for lack of successful fertilization is chromosomal imbalance. For example, the common banana is triploid. In other words, it has three sets of chromosomes. Instead of having one set of chromosomes from each parent, it has two sets from one parent and one set from the other parent.

The latter appears to be the case for Tahiti or Persian limes, which, unlike smaller varieties, tend not to have seeds, The Los Angeles Times writes:

Unlike most kinds of citrus, which have two sets of chromosomes, large-fruited limes have three, and this genetic peculiarity causes them to be sterile and therefore seedless.

It is not scientifically impossible, however, that at some point nature may produce a large lime with seeds. Thus, to preserve the quality of seedlessness, farmers use cuttings or grafting to ensure the propagation of trees that produce seedless fruits. Neither of the two techniques qualifies as bioengineering.

Want to inform others about the accuracy of this story?

See who is sharing it (it might even be your friends...) and leave the link in the comments.:

  Uliana Malashenko

Uliana Malashenko is a New York-based freelance writer and fact checker.

Read more about or contact Uliana Malashenko

About Us

International Fact-Checking Organization Meta Third-Party Fact Checker

Lead Stories is a fact checking website that is always looking for the latest false, misleading, deceptive or inaccurate stories, videos or images going viral on the internet.
Spotted something? Let us know!.

Lead Stories is a:


Subscribe to our newsletter

* indicates required

Please select all the ways you would like to hear from Lead Stories LLC:

You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. For information about our privacy practices, please visit our website.

We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here.

Most Read

Most Recent

Share your opinion